Review Vocab

Question Answer
El/La Aficionado(a) Fan
Poder To be able
La cancha Court
Pasar To pass
Gris Gray
El Entusiasmo Enthusiasm
Terco(a), obstinado(a) Stubborn, obstinate
El EstrA©s Stress
La Consulta Doctora??s Office
Doler To ache, to hurt
Nublado(a) Cloudy
La Tabla Hawaiana Surfboard
Alquilar, Rentar To rent
La Pista Ski Slope
El PatA­n Ice Skate
Dar un Cantante To give a concert
OA­r un Concierto To hear a concert
El salA?n Gallery
Una Estatua (de bronce) (Bronze) Statue
CasA­ Almost, Practically
Costar To cost
El Puesto, El Tenderete Market Place
Los Guisantes Peas
La Mayonesa Mayonnaise
El AtA?n Tuna

Found Lect 3-4 (24) Philosophical Foundations of TR & Self Determination

Question Answer
Values Established ideals of the professions, reflected through ethics, they guide our practice. Also communicate its importance through action. Influence our professional personality.
Four Core Values of TR Right to Leisure; Autonomy; Optimal health; Quality of life
Right to Leisure Right to leisure- all people have right to pursue leisure, necessary condition for human dignity and well-being. Entitled to assistance to help facilitate, use leisure to help our clients explore who they are and make choices.
Autonomy Right to self-govern and make choices in terms of leisure (sense of autonomy)
Optimal health Achievement and maintenance of health. Health is holistic it is tied to different domains. Tied to lifestyle habits, culture, family, environmental conditions, social support etc. Health ties into the subject of wellbeing.
Quality of life person views their quality of life- like health, relationships, independence, employment, financial status, living situation.
Four Key Principles Meant to guide how we provide the survice, they are fundamental beliefs that guide the practice, ethics and obligation on means to serve our clients based on high standards.
Four Key Principles consist of Humanistic Perspective; Ecological Perspective; Inclusion; Fun, pleasure and enjoyment
Humanistic perspective Capable of change and growth, better themselves. Know what motivates us, communicate feelings to better meet our needs.
Ecological Perspective The belief that people are interconnected with others and things in their environment and that the interactions within the environment (community) allow for growth and change.
Inclusion Empower people to be valued and active members of their community, this includes supported and opportunities to grow and develop. Physical and social integration. Focus on peoples unique abilities.
Fun, Pleasure & Enjoyment Participating in recreation should be fun, fun can be a way to motivate our clients to achieve benefits.
Normalization Standard or typical- don't think of as normal: use of culturally normative means, in order to enable a person's life conditions, to be at least as good as the average citizens, and enhance or support their own behaviours/skills and gain status/rep
Concepts of Normalization 1-4 1. Patterns of the day (eating/sleeping at typical times) change pattern when they like it. 2. Pattern of the week, 3. Year, 4. Developmental experiences of the life cycle.
Concepts of Normalization 5-8 5. Patterns of environmental conditions; 6. Economic development; 7. Sexual patterns of one's culture; 8. Respect for the integrity of the individual.
Principles of Normalization Integration; Avoidance of deviance juxtaposition; Dignity of Risk; Behavior Expectations; Advocacy; Social Role
Integration The process of people who have been devalued who have established or are starting to establish relationships with non-devalued members of society (moving past physical integration)
Avoidance of deviance juxtaposition; Dignity of Risk Avoidance: Should not group individuals based solely on their disabilities; Dignity of Risk: the idea that all individuals should be given the opportunity to take risk and make mistakes.
Behaviour Expectations; Advocacy Behaviour Expectations: we should expect the same behaviour of everyone (expectation needs to be consistent) age appropriate; Advocacy: focus primarily on need for advocacy and education of general public, creating programs/services appropriate terms
Social role valorization Provide value to people through roles they take on. Personal competence, enhance social image, develop social education and membership and community affliction.
Social Supports Provision of material, emotional or informational resources through social relationships that aids individuals in functioning
Support Networks Linkages or connections between individuals in a social network. A greater degree of linkage, can reflect a greater degree of social integration. 1. Size, 2. Density, 3. Composition
Support Provisions Include 3 different things The idea of social contact; Feedback; Assistance
Perceptions of Support; Relationship between support and health; Support and disability; Role of recreation and leisure Perception of support network is qualitative; role of support lessens impact of stress and on enhancing identity, belonging and esteem; Support for health and disability; Leisure buffer individual in high stress periods

Science

Question Answer
What is matter Objects that take up space
Whata??s the difference between mass and volume Mass is the amount of matter something is made of and volume is the amount of space taken up by an object
What is the smallest part of matter Molecules
Examples of physical properties Color odor size shape density solubility texture state volume
Difference between mass and weight Mass is expressed in kilograms and weight is expressed in newtons
Physical properties Ductility thermal odor state
Chemical properties Color sound heat light
A chemical a?? Reaction
The substances that enter a chemical reaction are called a?? Reactants
a?? Products
In a chemical reaction a?? Mass
In a chemical equation the number of atoms of reactants and products must a?? Balance
Iron combining with oxygen to form a more complex substances is an example of a a?? Synthesis
In a decomposition reaction a complex substance is broken down into a a?? Simpler
In a single replacement reaction atoms of one element a?? Replace
An a?? Exothermic
The reaction a?? Rate
A chemical equation uses chemical symbols to represent a _________________ Chemical reaction
When iron and oxygen combine to form rust it is called a ___________ reaction Synthesis
A _______________ reaction is the opposite of a synthesis reaction. Decomposition
Is it possible for atoms in two compounds to replace each other? Yes
_______________ reactions release energy Exothermic
Can concentration influence reaction rate? Yes
Is it possible for an element to replace two atoms of another element in a compound? Yes

endocrine/DM meds

Question Answer
the primary thyroid hormone is called thyroxine
thyroxine is aka T3 and T4
thyroxine is necessary to regulate the body's metabolism
metabolism is the rate at which the body utilizes energy
hyposecretion of thyroxine is called hypothyroidism
hypothyroidism aka myxedema
medications classified to treat myxedema are called thyroid supplements
a medication classified as a thyroid supplement is called 1. Thyrolar
a medication classified as a thyroid supplement is called 2. Synthroid and Levothroid and Unithroid
Synthroid and Levothroid and Unithroid generic name levothyroxine
dwarfism is caused by hyposecretion of the pituitary hormone growth hormone
the pituitary is aka the hypophysis or master gland
a medication classified as a synthetic growth hormone is called Humatrope
Humatrope generic name somatropin
diabetes insipidus is caused by hyposecretion of the pituitary hormone antidiuretic hormone
a medication classified as a synthetic ADH Pitressin
Pitressin generic name vasopressin
ADH antidiuretic hormone
corticosteroids are produced by the portion of each adrenal gland called adrenal cortex
synthetic corticosteroids are powerful SAIDs which stands for steroidal anti-inflammatory durgs
a medication classified as SAIDs 1. Cortone
Cortone generic name cortisone
a medication classified as SAIDs 2. Decadron
Decadron generic name dexamethasone
a medication classified as SAIDs 3. Cortef and Solu-Cortef and Cortaid and Cortizone 10
Cortef and Solu-Cortef and Cortaid and Cortizone 10 generic name hydrocortisone
a medication classified as SAIDs 4. Deltasone
Deltasone generic name prednisone
a medication classified as SAIDs 5. Kenacort
a medication classified as SAIDs 6. Kenalog
a medication classified as SAIDs 7. Medrol and Solu-Medrol
Medrol and Solu-Medrol generic name methylprednisolone
adverse effects of prolonged SAIDs include: 1. HTN2. hypokalemia 3. hypernatremia4. hyperglycemia 5. CVD6. psychosis
hypokalemia blood condition of deficient potassium (K)
hypernatremia blood condition of excessive sodium (Na)
hyperglycemia blood condition of excessive blood sugar (BS)
CVD cardiovascular disease
a psychiatric disorder characterized by losing touch with reality called psychosis
synthetic testosterone anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS)
anabolic muscle building
androgenic refers to male seconcdary sexual characteristics
a condition of deficient secretion of testosterone is called hypogonadism
hypogonadism can cause: 1. loss of libido 2. ED: erectile dysfunction aka impotence
transdermal medication s classified to treat hypogonadism AndroGel and Androderm and Axiron
AndroGel and Androderm and Axiron can be transferred to others by direct contact and can cause: 1. puberty2. hirsutism 3. acne vulgaris4. infractions
hirsutism women growing unusual hair growth
thrombi formation which increases the risk of infarctions
diabetes mellitus is characterized by insulin and insulin resistance syndrome
the pancreas secreting deficient amounts of a hormone called insulin
body cells having difficulty utilizing insulin produced is called insulin resistance syndrome
insulin is necessary for the body to utilize a type of sugar called glucose aka dextrose
glucose is the body's primary source of energy
IDDM stands for insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IDDM is aka type 1 DM
IDDM is also called juvenile onset DM
IDDM requires daily SUbQ injections of insulin
a medication classified as a short acting insulin is called Humulin
a medication classified as a short acting insulin is called Novolin
a medication classified as a short acting insulin is called Levemir
a medication classified as a short acting insulin is called NovoLog
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NIDDM is aka type 2 DM
NIDDM is also called maturity onset DM
medications classified to treat NIDDM are called oral antidiabetic medications
oral antibiabetic medications stimulate the pancreas to insulin and insulin resistance syndrome
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 1. Diabinese
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 2. Glucotrol
Glucotrol generic name glipizide
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 3. DiaBeta
DiaBeta generic name glyburide
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 4. Invokana
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 5. Glucovance
Glucovance generic name glyburide and metformin
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 6. Actos
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 7. Januvia

Ante necro extra mal

Question Answer
to be of older Antedate
existing before the war Antebellum
situated at the front Anterior
The am Ante meridium
preceding or prior to Antecedent
a large and ancient cemetery Necropolis
death of animal or plant tissue. Necrotic
A person who communicates to the dead Necromancer
An abnormal fear of death Necrophobia
The death of cells or tissue Necrobiosis
Outside the limits of earth Extraterrestrial
Beyond what is usual Extraordinary
Spending more than necessary Extravagant
An outgoing person Extrovert
Outside the walls or boundaries Extramural
Any disorder or disease Malady
Wishing evil or harm to others Malevolent
Not satisfied Malcontent
Intentionally harmful Malicious
To speak harmful about Malign
wishing evil or harm others
Not satisfied with the government
intentionally harmful
to speak harmful about

Chapter 10 Muslim Culture

Question Answer
Who are the founders of Islam? Abraham and Muhammad
What is the language of Islam? Arabic
Where was Islam originated? Mecca and Medina (Present day Saudi Arabia)
What is the holy book for Islam? Quran or Koran
What day is the holy day of the week for Islam? Friday
Where do they worship? In a mosque
When did Muhammad die? 632
Who was the first Caliph? Abu-Bakr
What is a caliph? A successor or deputy
When was Uthman murdered and what did it cause? He was murdered in 656 and caused a civil war.
Who took control of the Empire? The Abbasids
Where did the Abbasids move the capital? In order to solidify power they moved the capital in 762 to the newly created city, Baghdad, in central Iraq.
What were the four social clasees? The upper class included those who were Muslims at birth. Converts to Islam were in the second class. The third class consisted of Christians, Jews, and Zoroas rians. The lowest class was composed of slaves.
Why did Muslims support the advancement in science? The rulers wanted physicians treating their ills.
Who did they rely on to calculate the times for prayers? Mathematicians and astronomers.
What is calligraphy? The art of beautiful handwriting.
Where was the Great Mosque of Damascus made? On the site of a Christian Church.

The Giver ch. 4-6

Term Definition
Gravitating move or be attracted by a strong influence
Chortle to laugh with a snorting chuckle
Dosage the amount of medication in a single dose
Interdependence dependent on one another
Indulgently to yield to, satisfy, of gratify desires, feelings, etc.
Exuberant overflowing with high spirits
Impatient irritated or annoyed by delay
Buoyancy the power to float or rise in water
Ritual a set procedure for religious rite
Elder a person born earlier; someone older
Adherence to stick to or firmly attached
Intrigue to plot craftily or underhandedly
Retroactive applying to the past (events)
Serene peaceful, calm, quiet

Vocab #5

Question Answer
los banderines streamers
los bocadillos snacks
el brindis toast
el champan champagne
el desfile parade
los dulces candies
el festejo party, celebration
los fuegos artificiales fireworks
los globos balloons
el grupo de musica music group, band
la invitacion invitation
el invitado guest
los novios bride and groom
el pastel cake
la pinata pinata
el regalo gift
la serenata serenade
le vela candle
el aniversario anniversary
el bautizo baptism
la boda wedding
las posadas nine day celebration before Christmas
los quince anos a girl's fifteenth birthday
el santo saint's day
brindar to toast
casarse to get married
celebrar to celebrate
cumplir anos to turn __ years old
decorar to decorate
disfrutar to enjoy
romper to break
terminar to finish

Chp 23 metabolism/nu

Question Answer
Calorie Measure of heat1cal=amount of heat required to raise temp of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius
Kilocalorie Unit of calorie used to measure human diet1 kilocalorie= amount of heat to raise temp of 1kg of water by 1 degree Celsius
Metabolism Sum of body's reactions
Catabolism Series of reactions where one substance is broken down into smaller parts
Anabolism Series of actions in which molecules are combined to make a larger molecule
Three types of nutrients monomers to generate ATP Glucose, Fatty Acids, Amino acids
Cells use smaller molecules to build larger macromolecules such as: Proteins, Nucleic acids, lipids, & carbohydrates
Metabolic rate Total amount of energy expended by body to power all of its processes
Metabolic rate is measured in units of heat or calories
Metabolic rate Determined by measuring oxygen consumption
Metabolic rate Related to amount of energy generated & heat produced
Basal metabolic rate Rate of metabolism for awake individual
Measurements of Basal metabolic rate
Not eaten past 12 hrs/restful night of sleep
Measurements of basal metabolic rate No physical/strenuous activity for 1hr
Measurements of basal metabolic rate Not under physical/emotional stress
Measurements of basal metabolic rate Temperature is constant/comfortable
Factors that affect metabolic rate Thyroid hormones, growth hormones, fever, nutritional status, physical activity, certain drugs
Factors that affect metabolic rate Basal metabolic rate-_gender & muscle mass
Radiation Transfers heat from one object to another through electromagnetic wave
Conduction Heat transferred from one object to another through direct contact
Convection Heat is transferred through a liquid/gaseous medium
Evaporation Water changes from liquid to gas
Radiation exs Microwave, sun
Conduction exs Me sitting in a chair
Convection exs Stove
Evaporation ex Sweating
Importance of Thermoregulation Must be maintained to ensure all body systems work
Core body temperature
Deep body temperature such as liver/brain
Body temperature average 37.5 A°C
Nutrient Molecules from food that body needs for metabolic processes
Essential nutrients Not produced by body must come from dietary sources
Macronutrients Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids
Micronutrients Vitamins, minerals
Vitamins 13 organic compounds required for body's functions
Water soluble vitamins Hydrophilic compounds ft polar covalent bonds
Fat-soluble vitamins Hydrophobic compounds similar to cholesterol
Fat soluble vitamins Vitamin A,K,E,D
Water soluble vitamins Vitamins C, B
Minerals Any element other than carbon, hydrogen, oxygen,nitrogen
Importance of minerals Important in physiological processes & optimal health
Importance of Cholesterol Produce vitamin D, steroid hormones, bile salts
How liver processes cholesterol Packaged with other lipids & proteins into structures called lipoproteins
How liver process cholesterol Liver synthesize 85% of cholesterol w/ diet contrib. 15%