Found Lect 3-4 (24) Philosophical Foundations of TR & Self Determination

Question Answer
Values Established ideals of the professions, reflected through ethics, they guide our practice. Also communicate its importance through action. Influence our professional personality.
Four Core Values of TR Right to Leisure; Autonomy; Optimal health; Quality of life
Right to Leisure Right to leisure- all people have right to pursue leisure, necessary condition for human dignity and well-being. Entitled to assistance to help facilitate, use leisure to help our clients explore who they are and make choices.
Autonomy Right to self-govern and make choices in terms of leisure (sense of autonomy)
Optimal health Achievement and maintenance of health. Health is holistic it is tied to different domains. Tied to lifestyle habits, culture, family, environmental conditions, social support etc. Health ties into the subject of wellbeing.
Quality of life person views their quality of life- like health, relationships, independence, employment, financial status, living situation.
Four Key Principles Meant to guide how we provide the survice, they are fundamental beliefs that guide the practice, ethics and obligation on means to serve our clients based on high standards.
Four Key Principles consist of Humanistic Perspective; Ecological Perspective; Inclusion; Fun, pleasure and enjoyment
Humanistic perspective Capable of change and growth, better themselves. Know what motivates us, communicate feelings to better meet our needs.
Ecological Perspective The belief that people are interconnected with others and things in their environment and that the interactions within the environment (community) allow for growth and change.
Inclusion Empower people to be valued and active members of their community, this includes supported and opportunities to grow and develop. Physical and social integration. Focus on peoples unique abilities.
Fun, Pleasure & Enjoyment Participating in recreation should be fun, fun can be a way to motivate our clients to achieve benefits.
Normalization Standard or typical- don't think of as normal: use of culturally normative means, in order to enable a person's life conditions, to be at least as good as the average citizens, and enhance or support their own behaviours/skills and gain status/rep
Concepts of Normalization 1-4 1. Patterns of the day (eating/sleeping at typical times) change pattern when they like it. 2. Pattern of the week, 3. Year, 4. Developmental experiences of the life cycle.
Concepts of Normalization 5-8 5. Patterns of environmental conditions; 6. Economic development; 7. Sexual patterns of one's culture; 8. Respect for the integrity of the individual.
Principles of Normalization Integration; Avoidance of deviance juxtaposition; Dignity of Risk; Behavior Expectations; Advocacy; Social Role
Integration The process of people who have been devalued who have established or are starting to establish relationships with non-devalued members of society (moving past physical integration)
Avoidance of deviance juxtaposition; Dignity of Risk Avoidance: Should not group individuals based solely on their disabilities; Dignity of Risk: the idea that all individuals should be given the opportunity to take risk and make mistakes.
Behaviour Expectations; Advocacy Behaviour Expectations: we should expect the same behaviour of everyone (expectation needs to be consistent) age appropriate; Advocacy: focus primarily on need for advocacy and education of general public, creating programs/services appropriate terms
Social role valorization Provide value to people through roles they take on. Personal competence, enhance social image, develop social education and membership and community affliction.
Social Supports Provision of material, emotional or informational resources through social relationships that aids individuals in functioning
Support Networks Linkages or connections between individuals in a social network. A greater degree of linkage, can reflect a greater degree of social integration. 1. Size, 2. Density, 3. Composition
Support Provisions Include 3 different things The idea of social contact; Feedback; Assistance
Perceptions of Support; Relationship between support and health; Support and disability; Role of recreation and leisure Perception of support network is qualitative; role of support lessens impact of stress and on enhancing identity, belonging and esteem; Support for health and disability; Leisure buffer individual in high stress periods

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