endocrine/DM meds

Question Answer
the primary thyroid hormone is called thyroxine
thyroxine is aka T3 and T4
thyroxine is necessary to regulate the body's metabolism
metabolism is the rate at which the body utilizes energy
hyposecretion of thyroxine is called hypothyroidism
hypothyroidism aka myxedema
medications classified to treat myxedema are called thyroid supplements
a medication classified as a thyroid supplement is called 1. Thyrolar
a medication classified as a thyroid supplement is called 2. Synthroid and Levothroid and Unithroid
Synthroid and Levothroid and Unithroid generic name levothyroxine
dwarfism is caused by hyposecretion of the pituitary hormone growth hormone
the pituitary is aka the hypophysis or master gland
a medication classified as a synthetic growth hormone is called Humatrope
Humatrope generic name somatropin
diabetes insipidus is caused by hyposecretion of the pituitary hormone antidiuretic hormone
a medication classified as a synthetic ADH Pitressin
Pitressin generic name vasopressin
ADH antidiuretic hormone
corticosteroids are produced by the portion of each adrenal gland called adrenal cortex
synthetic corticosteroids are powerful SAIDs which stands for steroidal anti-inflammatory durgs
a medication classified as SAIDs 1. Cortone
Cortone generic name cortisone
a medication classified as SAIDs 2. Decadron
Decadron generic name dexamethasone
a medication classified as SAIDs 3. Cortef and Solu-Cortef and Cortaid and Cortizone 10
Cortef and Solu-Cortef and Cortaid and Cortizone 10 generic name hydrocortisone
a medication classified as SAIDs 4. Deltasone
Deltasone generic name prednisone
a medication classified as SAIDs 5. Kenacort
a medication classified as SAIDs 6. Kenalog
a medication classified as SAIDs 7. Medrol and Solu-Medrol
Medrol and Solu-Medrol generic name methylprednisolone
adverse effects of prolonged SAIDs include: 1. HTN2. hypokalemia 3. hypernatremia4. hyperglycemia 5. CVD6. psychosis
hypokalemia blood condition of deficient potassium (K)
hypernatremia blood condition of excessive sodium (Na)
hyperglycemia blood condition of excessive blood sugar (BS)
CVD cardiovascular disease
a psychiatric disorder characterized by losing touch with reality called psychosis
synthetic testosterone anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS)
anabolic muscle building
androgenic refers to male seconcdary sexual characteristics
a condition of deficient secretion of testosterone is called hypogonadism
hypogonadism can cause: 1. loss of libido 2. ED: erectile dysfunction aka impotence
transdermal medication s classified to treat hypogonadism AndroGel and Androderm and Axiron
AndroGel and Androderm and Axiron can be transferred to others by direct contact and can cause: 1. puberty2. hirsutism 3. acne vulgaris4. infractions
hirsutism women growing unusual hair growth
thrombi formation which increases the risk of infarctions
diabetes mellitus is characterized by insulin and insulin resistance syndrome
the pancreas secreting deficient amounts of a hormone called insulin
body cells having difficulty utilizing insulin produced is called insulin resistance syndrome
insulin is necessary for the body to utilize a type of sugar called glucose aka dextrose
glucose is the body's primary source of energy
IDDM stands for insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IDDM is aka type 1 DM
IDDM is also called juvenile onset DM
IDDM requires daily SUbQ injections of insulin
a medication classified as a short acting insulin is called Humulin
a medication classified as a short acting insulin is called Novolin
a medication classified as a short acting insulin is called Levemir
a medication classified as a short acting insulin is called NovoLog
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NIDDM is aka type 2 DM
NIDDM is also called maturity onset DM
medications classified to treat NIDDM are called oral antidiabetic medications
oral antibiabetic medications stimulate the pancreas to insulin and insulin resistance syndrome
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 1. Diabinese
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 2. Glucotrol
Glucotrol generic name glipizide
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 3. DiaBeta
DiaBeta generic name glyburide
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 4. Invokana
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 5. Glucovance
Glucovance generic name glyburide and metformin
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 6. Actos
a medication classified as oral antidiabetic 7. Januvia

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