photosynthesis

Term Definition
photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis in plants generally involves the green pigment chlorophyll and generates oxygen as a byproduct.
cellular respiration a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
chloroplast n green plant cells) a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place.
chlorophyll a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobacteria, responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis. Its molecule contains a magnesium atom held in a porphyrin ring.
glucose a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates.
mitochondria an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. It has a double membrane, the inner layer being folded inward to form layers (cristae).
photosynthesis equation Plants take in carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose (a sugar) and oxygen. The following is the chemical equation, that expalins this process: Carbon dioxide + water produces -> glucose + oxygen. In chemical language, this is written as, 6CO2 + 6H2O
respiration equation the biochemical process in which the cells of an organism obtain energy by combining oxygen and glucose, resulting in the release of carbon dioxide, water, and ATP (the currency of energy in cells).
carbon dioxide a colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds and by respiration. It is naturally present in air (about 0.03 percent) and is absorbed by plants in photosynthesis.
diffustion the action of spreading the light from a light source evenly so as to reduce glare and harsh shadows.
osomosis a process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one, thus equalizing the concentrations on each side of the membrane.
active transport the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into a region of higher concentration, assisted by enzymes and requiring energy.

Vocal #6

Question Answer
la acera sidewalk
la ambulancia ambulance
la camilla stretcher
la carretera highway
el ciclista cyclist
el conductor driver
el cruce crosswalk
la esquina corner
el limite de velocidad speed limit
la multa fine, ticket
el paramedico paramedic
el parquimetro parking meter
la patrulla police car
el peaton/ la peatona pedestrian
el poste post
el puente bridge
el semaforo traffic light
la senal sign
el servicio de emergencias emergency service
el testigo witness
aburrirse to become bored
alegarse to become happy
asustarse to become frightened
atravesar to cross
atropellar to run over
bajar de to get out of
caer to fall
danar to damage
distraerse to get distracted
enojarse to become angry
esperar to wait
estacionarse to park
frustrarse to become frustrated
pasarse un semaforo en rojo to run a red light
pasarse una senal de PARE to run a stop sign
sentirse to feel
sorprenderse to be surprised
subir a to get into
tropezar to trip
de repente suddenly
estar danado to be damaged
estar herido to be injured

photo

Term Definition
photosynthis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis in plants generally involves the green pigment chlorophyll and generates oxygen as a byproduct.
cellular respreation metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
chloroplast the chloroplast absorbs the sunlight then uses sunlight to change water
chloophyll a green molecule which uses light energy from sunlight
glucose a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrate
mitochondria A spherical or elongated organelle in the cytoplasm of nearly all eukaryotic cells,
photosynthesis equation simple word equation that can be used to describe the process of photosynthesis is carbon dioxide + water —> glucose + oxygen simple word equation that can be used to describe the process of photosynthesis is carbon dioxide + water —> glucose + oxygen +
respiration equation Image result for respiration equationWhen we examine the equation for cellular respiration, we see that the reactants are glucose and oxygen (for aerobic respiration), and the products are carbon dioxide, water, and ATP.
carbon dioxide a colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds and by respiration. It is naturally present in air (about 0.03 percent) and is absorbed by plants in photosynthesis.
diffusion the spreading of something more widely."the diffusion of Duchamp’s thought and art"synonyms:
osmosis process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one, thus equalizing the concentrations on each side of the membrane.2.
active transport he movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into a region of higher concentration, assisted by enzymes and requiring energy.

history final exam

Question Answer
connected the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean via Hudson River Erie Canal
machine made by Eli Whitney that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds; revolutionized the cotton industry in the US but also led to the growth of slavery cotton gin
best known policy toward the Western Hemisphere; warns European nations that the United States would not tolerate further colonization or puppet monarchs Monroe Doctrine
effort by Congress to defuse the sectional political rivalries triggered by the request of Missouri late in 1819 for admission as a state in which slavery would be permitted Missouri Compromise
elected John Quincy Adams over rival Andrew Jackson; Henry Clay convinced Congress to elect Adams then Adams made Clay his secretary of state corrupt bargain
period that saw rising levels in votes and the major parties were the Democratic and the Whigs second party system
negotiated land exchange treaties with tribes living east of the MS; sometimes forcible emigration of indians to the west Indian Removal Act
signed by only 500 Cherokee Indians who were bribed saying that all Cherokees must leave to go to land in Louisiana territory Treaty of New Echota
forced movement of Cherokee Indians to land west of Mississippi River forced by US army; lasted 116 days, many Indians died Trail of Tears
region of the Deep South with the highest concentration of slaves black belt
idea that slavery was a set of reciprocal obligations between masters and slaves; slave owners used this to rationalize and justify slavery paternalism
whale bone used in corsets, hoop skirts; taken by the whaling industry baleen
favors native born or long term resident individuals in the US at the expense of immigrants nativism
beautiful girl who worked in a tobacco store whose body was found in the Hudson River Mary Rogers
protestant movement; saw individuals and society as capable of indefinite improvement perfectionism
idealistic and impractical communities; withdrew from the sinful, corrupt world to work their miracles in microcosm utopian communities
the practice of moderation; crusade to outlaw alcohol temperance
colonization
slave from VA that led group of slaves to kill their slave holders and families; caught and executed Nat Turner
influential writer; one of the most prominent figures in the abolitionist movement; published his own antislavery newspaper Frederick Douglass
strict rule passed by pro southern congressmen to prohibit all discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives gag rule
began their public careers in the abolitionist movement; males objected to their prominence in the movement and the sisters turned to advocacy of womens rights Grimke sisters
idea in Western society that men and women should have different roles in society; women at home and men at work separate spheres
type of trousers for women popularized by Amelia Bloomer bloomers
stated that all men and women are created equal; rejected on the belief that men and women should have separate spheres Declaration of Sentiments
destined by God/belief that Americans had the right to expand westward across the North American continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean; this would spread the institutions of the civilized to the barbaric Native Americans Manifest Destiny
historical name for the region of the present day southwestern US that was ceded to the US by Mexico under the Treaty of Guadalpe; land that Mexico gave to the US Mexican Cession
notion that the sovereign people of a given territory should decide whether to allow slavery; largely opposed by northern abolitionists who feared it would promote the spread of slavery to the territories popular sovereignty
they opposed the spread of slavery into territories; was the anti slavery party free soil party
forestalled the civil war by instating the fugitive slave act, banning slave trade in DC, admitting California as a free state, splitting up the Texas territory and instating popular sovereignty in the Mexican Cession Compromise of 1850
set up kansas and nebraska as states; each state would use popular sovereignty to decide about slavery Kansas Nebraska Act
organized by antislavery Whigs, Democrats and Free Soilers in response to the Kansas Nebraska Act; dedicated to keeping slavery out of the territories Republican Party
sequence of violent events involving abolitionist and pro slavery elements that took pace in kansas territory where new proslavery and antislavery constitutions competed; feuding the eventually led to killing in kansas between pro slavery and anti slavery bleeding kansas
republican idealist who pushed for black suffrage during Reconstruction as a principle of black freedom and racial equality Charles Sumner
a missouri slave sued for his freedom, Supreme Court decided he could not sue in federal court because he was property not a citizen Dred Scott v Sandford
John Brown attempted to create a major revolt among the slaves; south saw the act as treason and were encouraged to separate from the north Harpers Ferry
came to be one of the most prominent northern politicians; felt slavery was wrong but was not an abolitionist Abraham Lincoln
winter when 7 southern states seceded in rapid succession secession winter
site of the opening engagement of the civil war ft sumter
there were four slave states that stayed in the union and were crucial to Lincoln's political and military stratery border states
lincoln sent troops to protect Washington DC when a crowd of Marylanders who supported the Confederacy stopped the troops and threw bricks and stones at the soldiers; caused many injuries and deaths Baltimore Riot
battle in maryland that ended Lee's first invasion of the North; known for being the bloodiest day in the war and led to the Emancipation Proclomation (Battle of) Antietam
issued by Lincoln that freed the slaves in the Confederacy, but not in the Border States; really didnt do anything because the slaves were out of Lincoln's jurisdiction Emancipation Proclamation
order to attack the Union on the last day of the battle; union prematurely found out and won the attack and the battle of Gettysburg, led to the change of luck in the North Pickett's Charge
lee forced to surrender at this court house appomattox
the first kind of primitive welfare agency used to provide food, clothing, medical care, and education to freedman and to white refugees the freedmen's bureau
passed by southern states after the civil war denying ex slaves the complete civil rights enjoyed by whites and intended to force blacks back to plantations and impoverished lifestyles black codes
amendments passed at the end of the civil war granting african americans legal rights even though they werent enforced for quite some time reconstruction amendments
best known for advocating white supremacy and acting as terrorists while hidden behind conical hats masks and robes Ku Klux Klan
largely former slave owners who were the bitterest opponents of the republican program in the south; staged a major counterrevolution to "redeem" the south; based on idea of racism and white supremacy redeeemers

Stack #2637377

Question Answer
photosynthesis process of a plant making food
cellular repiration
choroplast An elongated cell organelle containing chlorophyll where photosynthesis take place
chlorophyll a green molecule which uses light energy from sunlight to change water and carbon dioxide gas into sugar and oxygen
glucose sugar
mitochondria rod shaped organelles with a double membrane witch converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP for the cell
photosynthesis equation water + carbon dioxide+sun+oxygen+glucose
respiration equation oxygen+glucose+water+carbon dioxide+energy
carbon dioxide gas produced by burning carbon
diffusion the spread of somthing
osmosis a process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one, thus equalizing the concentrations on each side of the membrane.
active transport he movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into a region of higher concentration, assisted by enzymes and requiring energy.

Ch 13 treatment

Term Definition
angi blood vessel
dur hard
ech sound
ethesi sensation
gangli swelling, knot
radic nerve root
rhiz nerve root
analgesic common form of pain management, aspirin, ibuprofen, acetominophen
opioid analgesics codeine, morphine
anesthesia primary type of pain management during surgery
cerebral angiography diagnostic procedure that reveals blood flow to the brain by x-ray
computed tomography (CT) constructs a 3D view of the brain through x-ray
craniectomy surgical removal of a part of the cranium
craniotomy incision made through the cranium to access the brain
echoencephalography (EchoEG) ultrasound used to record brain structures
effectual drug therapy a general type of treatment to manage neurological disorders-antianxiety-anticonvulsants-antipyretics-antidepressants-tranquilizers and sedatives
electroencephalography (EEG) records electrical impulses of the brain to measure brain activity
epidural injection of a spinal block anesthetic into the spinal cord
evoked potential studies (EP) diagnostic tests that measure changes in brain waves during particular stimuli
ganglionectomy surgical removal of a ganglion
lumbar puncture withdrawal of CSF from the spine
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) magnets used to observe soft tissues, like the brain
myelogram x-ray of the spinal cord following injection of a contrast dye
neurectomy surgical removal of a nerve
neurolysis separating a nerve by removing unwanted adhesions
neuroplasty surgical repair of a nerve
neurorrhaphy suturing a nerve
neurotomy incision into a nerve
positron emission tomography (PET) scan of the brain using radioactive chemicals to provide a map of metabolically active cells within the brain
radicotomy incision into a nerve root
rhizotomy incision into a nerve root
reflex testing tests to observe the body's response to touch stimuli
tPA powerful chemical that dissolves blood clots in vessels supplying the brain
vagotomy several branches of the vagus nerve are severed to reduce acid secretion into the stomach

Stack #2637415

Term Definition
A Apple what is the first letter
E Elephant What is the first and third Letter
I Ice AgeWhat is the first letter??
O OvalWhat is the First word??
U UnfinishedWhat is the 1st letter

Solubility rules

Question Answer
Soluble Li Na K NO3 C2H3O2 Always
Soluble Cl Br I Insoluble Ag2 Hg2 Pb2
Soluble SO4 Insoluble Ca2+ Sr2+ Ba2+ Pb2+
Insoluble OH- Soluble Li K Na SLIGHTLY Ca2+ Sr2+ Ba2+
Insoluble CO3/2- Po4/3- Soluble Li Na K Nh4
Insoluble S2- Soluble Li Na K NH4 Ca2+ Sr2+ Ba2+

American Governement Unit 3

Question Answer
Propaganda info designed to shape public opinion
interest groups one specific interest that they influence political parties with
public policy choices the government makes in response to a political issue
mass media communication that provides info to a larger audience
PAC organization created to raise money for the campaign for political candidates
Lobbying contracting a public official to persuade the official to support the group
political socialization the process of people acquiring political beliefs
public platform the parties stand on important issues and the parties general principles
political ideology placement on the political spectrum what sets one party apart from the other
political opinion the views shared by society of interest or concerns
bias (in media or polling) certain stations have chosen a side, people that do not know better think they are unbias
grass roots campaigning demonstrations or marches to get the attention of the legislator or officials
polling survey to provide opinions and determine public attitudes about consumer produce, social issues and the candidates
caucus a meeting of party members that select a candidate to run for election
primary election that is held if more than one member seeks the same office
precinct small unit area for administering elections and local voting
electorate body of people allowed to vote
federal election commision the government commission formed to enforce to federal election campaign act
BCRA tried to limit soft money contributions made up of members from both major political parties
Voting Rights Act landmark piece of federal legislative in the united states that prohibits racial discrimination in voting
"stand by your ad" disclaimer laws that require all media ads including a visual or oral message that identifies who is paying for it
public funding form of financial aid or support extended to the economic sector
demographics group defined by specific characteristics or set of characteristics
"one person one vote" principle equal protection clause requires legislative voting
redistricting drawing new boundaries for legislative districts
negative campaigning attacking an opponent during a political campaign
How is public opinion formed? by the decision and actions of a political and social leader

forces 5th grade SCstandards

Term Definition
force a push or pull that acts on an object
contact force a force that requires two pieces of matter to touch
friction the force that results when two materials rub against each other or when their contact prevents sliding
non-contact force a force that acts at a distance
gravity, electric forces and magnetic forces examples of non-contact forces
gravity the force of attraction between any two objects
electric force electronically charged force
magnetic force a force that attracts and repels
balanced force a force that does not change the motion of the object
net force the total of all the foces acting on a body
unbalanced force when one of the forces acting upon an object is greater than another force